The Different Types of Fouls in NBA

It’s common knowledge that the National Basketball Association is a professional men’s basketball league in the United States.

The rules of the game specify that a player may be disqualified from a contest if they commit fouls.

The types of fouls committed by players include personal, flagrant-1 and flagrant-2. In this article we will look at these different types of fouls in NBA.

Fouls are called by the referee, but what exactly is a foul in basketball

A foul is called when a player in committing an offensive or defensive act, commits one of the following offenses:

  • Throwing an elbow at an opponent. The referee will call this type of foul as “Elbowing”.
  • Stepping over the boundary lines when fighting for the ball. This type of foul is called when a player exceeds two steps when fighting for the ball within the playing field. The referee will call this type of foul as “Step Over”.
  • Touching the ball with one’s hand after it has already touched another player. A referee would call this type of foul as “Hand Contact”.

The first type of foul is called “Personal Foul”

This includes contact to the face or neck; contact with the groin; hitting below the waist; striking or kicking an opponent above the shoulders.

If a player commits any of these offenses, they will be given a personal foul.

The second type of foul is called “Technical Foul”

This includes unsportsmanlike conduct such as taunting, excessive arguing, or excessive celebrations after scoring. If a player commits any of these offenses, they will be given a technical foul.

Technical fouls are counted against the total of six personal and team fouls. If a player has four team fouls and his coach has been assessed a technical, the player is disqualified.”

The penalty for foul out is that the player must leave the court. The rest of the team may play with only 4 players until the next dead ball situation.  

However, if during any dead ball situation, a different player commits a personal or technical foul (thus having 5 fouls), the disqualified player may return to play.  

The third type of foul is called “Flagrant-1 Foul”

If a player commits an act that likely injures his opponent but does not warrant immediate disqualification, the penalty is flagrant foul-1. The second offense warrants ejection, while all are automatically fined by the League office.

If it appears to be intentional or excessive, the player is ejected at the next dead ball and may be suspended.

It’s also worthy to note that these fouls are considered “Flagrant-1 Foul” any type of contact initiated above shoulders such as:

  • whether hand or elbow
  • charging into an opponent
  • fighting for position (except in post play)
  • making no effort to dribble or pass while being closely guarded
  • continuing to butt, push or wrestle after having already committed one foul.

The fourth type of foul is called “Flagrant-2 Foul”

If a player commits an act that warrants disqualification, the penalty is ejection and suspension. The disqualifying acts are:

  • fighting
  • swinging at an opponent with wild punches
  • fighting and leaving the bench area during a fight
  • elbowing with intent to injure
  • punching
  • fighting or attempting to punch an opponent in the groin.

If it appears to be intentional or excessive, the player is ejected at the next dead ball and may be suspended.

Conclusion

The National Basketball Association is a professional men’s basketball league in the United States.

The rules of the game specify that a player may be disqualified from a contest if they commit a foul. The types of fouls that can be committed include Personal, Flagrant-1 and Flagrant-2.

In this article we will look at these different types of NBA Fouls including penalties for each type which are ejectedion or disqualification, fines by the League office, discipline for intentional acts, and more to help you understand what constitutes as an offensive act against your opponent on court.

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